EEUU emite sanciones financieras contra la criptomoneda de Venezuela

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EE.UU. emite sanciones contra la criptomoneda Petro

El Gobierno del presidente de Estados Unidos (EE.UU.), Donald Trump, implementó este lunes nuevas sanciones contra Venezuela, esta vez dirigidas a la restricción de las transacciones financieras estadounidenses que involucren a la criptomoneda Petro.

Las medidas restrictivas contra el Petro forman parte de una nueva Orden Ejecutiva contra Venezuela, en el marco de la Orden Ejecutiva 13692 firmada el 8 de marzo de 2015 y también en base a la del 24 de agosto de 2017.

“La Orden Ejecutiva prohíbe, a partir de su fecha de vigencia, todas las transacciones relacionadas con la provisión de financiamiento y otras negociaciones en Estados Unidos, por un estadounidense o dentro del país, de cualquier moneda digital o ficha digital, emitida por, para o en nombre del Gobierno de Venezuela a partir del 9 de enero de 2018”, indica el texto publicado en la página web whitehouse.gov.

“He autorizado al Secretario del Tesoro, en consulta con el Secretario de Estado, a tomar tales medidas, incluidas la promulgación de normas y reglamentos, y el empleo de todos los poderes otorgados al presidente por IEEPA, según sea necesario para llevar a cabo los propósitos de la Orden Ejecutiva”, detalla el texto de la Casa Blanca.

La criptomoneda Petro fue lanzada oficialmente en febrero de este año y ya supera los 1.000 millones de dólares en ofertas.

El Petro está respaldado en las reservas de petróleo del país. Desde su creación, varias naciones han manifestado interés en la compra e intercambio de la criptomoneda, como Colombia, China, Japón, Brasil, España, Turquía, Palestina, San Vicente y Singapur.

La criptomoneda venezolana fue presentada por el presidente Nicolás Maduro para contrarrestar el bloqueo financiero que han impuesto contra la nación suramericana EE.UU. y sus aliados regionales.

Telesur


Executive Order on Taking Additional Steps to Address the Situation in Venezuela

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code,

I, DONALD J. TRUMP, President of the United States of America, in order to take additional steps with respect to the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13692 of March 8, 2015, and relied upon for additional steps taken in Executive Order 13808 of August 24, 2017, and in light of recent actions taken by the Maduro regime to attempt to circumvent U.S. sanctions by issuing a digital currency in a process that Venezuela’s democratically elected National Assembly has denounced as unlawful, hereby order as follows:

Section 1. (a) All transactions related to, provision of financing for, and other dealings in, by a United States person or within the United States, any digital currency, digital coin, or digital token, that was issued by, for, or on behalf of the Government of Venezuela on or after January 9, 2018, are prohibited as of the effective date of this order.

(b) The prohibitions in subsection (a) of this section apply except to the extent provided by statutes, or in regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any license or permit granted before the effective date of this order.

Sec. 2. (a) Any transaction that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or avoiding, causes a violation of, or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.

(b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.

Sec. 3. For the purposes of this order:

(a) the term “person” means an individual or entity;

(b) the term “entity” means a partnership, association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization;

(c) the term “United States person” means any United States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign branches of such entities), or any person within the United States; and

(d) the term “Government of Venezuela” means the Government of Venezuela, any political subdivision, agency, or instrumentality thereof, including the Central Bank of Venezuela and Petroleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PdVSA), and any person owned or controlled by, or acting for or on behalf of, the Government of Venezuela.

Sec. 4. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including promulgating rules and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA as may be necessary to implement this order. The Secretary of the Treasury may, consistent with applicable law, redelegate any of these functions to other officers and executive departments and agencies of the United States Government. All agencies of the United States Government shall take all appropriate measures within their authority to carry out the provisions of this order.

Sec. 5. For those persons whose property and interests in property are affected by this order who might have a constitutional presence in the United States, I find that because of the ability to transfer funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of measures taken pursuant to this order would render those measures ineffectual. I therefore determine that for these measures to be effective in addressing the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13692, there need be no prior notice given for implementation of this order.

Sec. 6. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

Sec. 7. This order is effective at 12:15 p.m. eastern daylight time on March 19, 2018.

DONALD J. TRUMP

White House


Comunicado República Bolivariana de Venezuela

 


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